Objectives: The essential oil (EO) extracted fromleaves has been used as an antimicrobial agent for centuries. But its antifungal and antibiofilm efficacy is still not clearly studied. The objective of this research was to evaluate theantifungal and antibiofilm efficacy of C.leaf EO against C., C., and C.and the toxicity of EO using anmodel.
Materials and Methods: The effect of EO vapor was evaluated using a microatmosphere technique. CLSI microdilution assay was employed in determining the Minimum Inhibitory (MIC) and Fungicidal Concentrations (MFC). Killing time was determined using a standard protocol. The effect of EO on established biofilms was quantified and visualized using XTT and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), respectively. Post-exposure intracellular changes were visualized using Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). The toxicological assessment was carried out with the Human Keratinocyte cell line. The chemical composition of EO was evaluated using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS).
Results: All test strains were susceptible to cinnamon oil vapor. EO exhibited MIC value 1.0 mg/ml and MFC value 2.0 mg/ml against test strains. The killing time of cinnamon oil was 6 hr. Minimum Biofilm Inhibitory Concentration (MBIC) for established biofilms was
Conclusion: C.EO is a potential alternative anti-agent with minimal toxicity on the human host.